Norway makes considerable efforts to include persons with disabilities in society and allocates significant financial resources to this goal. However, its commitment to the rights of persons with disabilities is yet to be reflected in everyday practice. In the areas of legal capacity, mental health and social care, Norway still needs to embrace the paradigm shift proposed by the CRPD.
In Kuwait's National Development Plan, launched in 2017, there were several projects aimed at promoting the inclusion of persons with disabilities. But the country still needs a specific national strategy on disability to ensure that barriers against participation are lifted, and that a human rights-based approach to disability is adopted in all public policies.
Steps to reform Kazakhstan’s social protection system and provide universal health coverage are a clear indication of the country's committment to the rights of persons with disabilities. But more efforts are required to include them in society, particularly in the areas of education and political participation. Legal capacity laws need to be reformed, and the country must move towards ending institutionalization and involuntary treatment.
France is a country with a strong tradition of republican and democratic values, resting on the ideals of ‘freedom, equality and fraternity’. Disability policies in France need to embrace these ideals to guarantee the full inclusion of all people with disabilities.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK)
The Governmnet of the DPRK has taken positive steps on disability issues, but there is still a long way to go to realize the rights of persons with disabilities: “I hope that my visit will generate further opportunities for constructive engagement to advance the human rights of persons with disabilities in the DPRK.”
Zambia has a wide range of well-formulated and well-intended policies and strategies to realise the rights of persons with disabilities. But despite the adoption of important policies and legislation related to the rights of persons with disabilities, a more comprehensive effort in their implementation, enforcement and monitoring is needed.
"The one main issue permeating the whole society and influencing how persons with disabilities are perceived therein is the strong prevalence of the medical model of disability. This approach focuses on defining a person’s defect and separating those that are ‘healthy’ or ‘normal’ from those that are ‘unfit’ – resulting in exclusion and segregation, objectifying attitudes and forced interventions."
Paraguay ratificó la Convención sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad (CDPD) y su Protocolo Facultativo en 2008. Desde ese momento, el país ha logrado mejoras importantes para establecer un sistema de protección de los derechos de las personas con discapacidad acorde con el tratado.